Home for All Oraifite Community Town of Igbo Land for African American Family Shopping Market.. Oraifite Community Bank - Ibolo Social Club - Udoji Palace (built in 1836) - Odiaka Resident - St Luke Anglican Church - Nkwo Ozulogu Market
22/10/2017   17:02:55    

   

What's New




Afia Olu Festival 2017 Pictures festival masquerades. What to Wear on Palm Sunday? Images for palm sunday AI Machine Learning Course
ai machine learning
Pictures of Dassanech and Karo Tribes NEW! Pictures of Igbo Food Igbo Land Most Important Crop - Palm Oil "Akwu" Google Maps View of ORAIFITE Community Town ORAIFITE INDIGENES Gift Items For Marriage African Ladies Photos Miss Africa USA Beauty pageants contests pictures. 2015 Afia Olu National Festival & Cultural day Pictures Marking the end of planting season. Cheap Psychics Fortune Teller fascinating world of forecasting & prediction! Ima Mmuo ilo mmuo masks and masquerades people OFALA Festival 2014 Anu-Ma-Nu Ezeigbo VII of Oraifite Ancient Kingdom Ufie Jioku | Afia Olu Festival 2014 Pictures masquerades & dances at Oraifite civic centre. 2015 Top Christmas Toys Wish List the must-have top 10 or 12 dream toys 2014. Most Affordable Christmas Gifts most bought christmas gifts. Most popular christmas gifts for kids most popular gift toys. Top Toys 2015 Christmas top toys 2012 Afia Olu Festival 2013 Pictures Masks & masquerades - "Mmanwu na Mmuo". Oluchi Unegbe's African Poems poetry Enjoying oraifite poems/ poetry. Uchenna Kalume's African Poems Poetry Philosophy Economic Life of Oraifite People Farming of yams, cassavas & cocoyams. Iri Ji Festival New Jam Igbo new yam festival Iwaji Afia Olu Festival 2012 Pictures New dances and new masquerades lunched at Nkwo edo. Afia Olu Festival or Ufie Jioku Celebration of the end of farm work. Tesco Groceries Review Tesco price drop offers. Contactless Payment Cards contactless card technology information Yeast Infection No More Reviews Linda Allen's candida treatment. Directory of Ezines Reviews eZine advertising with directory of ezine 2.0 by Charlie Page. Lottery Method Book Reviews Learn how to pick lottery numbers from someone who works inside the lottery business. Pregnancy Miracle Book Reviews How hopelessly infertile women get pregnant naturally. Enounce MySpeed Reviews Speedup video to save time or slow down video to learn. School Uniforms 2015 Kids Back to School Savings for Boys & Girls schoolwear. Christmas Gifts Presents the must-have personalised gift ideas or christmas presents 2015. Rex-Legal Attorneys Nigeria legal practitioner Governor Chris Ngige Nkwo Road Commisioning Visit Chris Ngige 2 Chris Ngige 3 Chris Ngige 4 Nkwo ozulogu market Orai Ezue Cartoon satirisation Of the situation befalling Oraifite Diseases and Symptoms The most dangerous killer diseases Moin Moin Igbo Food Recipes & African Ingredients Cookery Books Cooking moin moin recipes Living with Diabetes managing diabetes within a busy lifestyle. The Atlanta Georgia 2007 OCUSA Convention OCUSA at invitation. Pictures of Igbo Weddings Igbankwu nwendo. Tesco Kids Lunchbox Ideas Organic healthy eating. 2015 Bestselling Gifts In Pictures Revealed best selling gifts. Game On Science Museum Technology, Game On Consoles History of Video games Black History Month October African story telling always proves popular World Cup Final Champions 2006 - Great offers Great FiFA football world cup offers Great Travel Deals Holidays: save money without cutting corners Symptioms of a Stroke RECOGNIZING A STROKE. Remember the "3" steps Valentine's Day Gifts and Ideas for Him & Her, Flowers, Chocolate, Lingerie, Travel Return of Chief Dr Dan Udoji August 2005 Igwe of Oraifite Return! Masks & Masquerades: Mmanwu/Mmuo Masks & Masquerades 2 Masks & Masquerades 3 Masks & Masquerades 4 good/evil spirits! Africa Poems About Oraifite People Gifted and talented! Church Schools Irefi, Isingwu,Umuezopi & Ifite Illustrious Sons & Daughters Civic Center Chief Udeh Ubaka building Nkwo edo Market Business and Industry Post Offices Rivers and Streams Community Banks O.S.U Appeal Fund Teach Yourself Hausa
Learn to speak Hausa Language
Nkwo Ozulogu Online Market

Services




About Us who we are! Contact Us what do you think? Privacy Policy always respected Useful Links other sites Link to Us please help us!

CELEBRATIONS

HEALTH & FITNESS

BANKS

Oraifite Community Banks Save with Oraifite community banks.

SCHOOl CHURCHES

Oraifite School Churches Irefi, Isingwu,Umuezopi & Ifite.

CHURCHES

CIVIC CENTER

Oraifite Civic Centre Thats a Big building!

STUDENTS UNION

Oraifite Students UnionAre you a member of Oraifite students union?

ASSOCIATIONS

Oraifite Associations Home & abroad associations.

BUSINESS & INDUSTRY

Business and Industry in Oraifite New products and manufacturing.

POST OFFICES

Oraifite Post Offices Where to post/receive a letter.

RIVERS & STREAMS

Rivers Streams Where to fetch waters or swim.

COMMUNICATION & MEDIA

BBC African News BBC UK African reports. The Guardian influential, privately owned national daily. Daily Times Lagos based government daily. Daily Trust Abuja based daily. Business Day the voice of business. Vanguard Lagos based, widely read daily. This Day widely read Lagos based daily. Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) state-run, operates national and regional stations. African Independent Television (AIT) commercial, broadcasting in Lagos and Abuja and via satellite. The Punch On The Web promote free enterprise. The Tribune Company businesses in publishing &broadcasting. Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria (FRCN) State run, operates "Radio Nigeria" stations in Abuja, Lagos, Ibadan, Kaduna, Enugu. Radio Voice of Nigeria External service. USAfricaonline US africa online daily. United Nations - OCHA IRIN Africa News Humanitarian african affairs. MSNBC World News Around the world. CNN African News World news.

Resources & Articles

Tesco Groceries Review Tesco price drop offers. The National Lottery It's could be you! E-Mail Club marketing local email rewards savings.

Last Updated

Home For All of Igbo Land for African American Family Shopping Market
Updated: Friday 6th October 2017 07:53 am



Igbo Customs
Culture and Traditions
of Family Life


Customs in Igbo Community

There are a number of customs that are special to the Igbo Community, and an account of some eight of them is set out below.

The customs, and the word used for the different ceremonies, and those used during the ceremonies may differ from area to area in Igboland, and students will find an interest in comparing what is described here with what they have observed in their own village or community.

A knowledge of these customs, and indeed of others besides, should be part of the tradition of all Igbo people, and the ability to discuss them and to describe them and their significance is a distinct advantage to all those interested in Igbo society.

  • Ọjị (Kola-nut) - Igbo Customs
  • Ọmụ nkwụ (Palm tree shoot) - Igbo Customs
  • Nzu (Chalk) - Igbo Customs
  • Markings - Igbo Customs
  • Ọmụgwọ (The twenty-eight days after child-birth) - Igbo Customs
  • Ohu na Osu (Slavery) - Igbo Customs
  • Ichi ọzọ (A society) - Igbo Customs
  • Ịlụ nwanyị (Marriage) - Igbo Customs

Ọjị (Kola-nut) - Igbo Customs

The ọjị (Kola-nut) ceremony is among the things which the Igbos deem very important.

This nut, though not pleasant to the taste, is very much in evidence on social occasions.

It is shared among friends, as a token of goodwill, and is offere to a visitor as a sign of appreciation for his coming.

When the kola-nut is brought, the ceremony isperformed by the oldest person present, and he carries out what is called ịgọ ọfọ.

This may consist in blessing the kola, as well as the person who provided it; in giving thanks to their ancestors, and in wishing those present good fortune.

After this, the person performing the ịgọ ọfọ splits the nut, and it is shared among all those present.

Kola plays an important part in marriages and sacrifices. Old men believe that it helps them to bear the pangs of hunger when food is not available.

In a wider sense of the word, ọjị is a present from one person to another, particularly as an acknowledgement of favours received.

Ịgọ Ọfọ - Igbo Customs

The word ịgọ means to pronounce (e.g. a blessing), to deny (e.g. Ha gọrọ agọ, they denied it; Ọ gọrọ agụgọ, he made a denial).

Ịgo mmụọ is used of the performing of rituals by heathens to their gods.

When people visit you and kola is broken, they wish you long life; you can say of them Ha gọọrọ m ọfọ ndụ - Ọfọ is the name of a kind tree.

If someone illtreats you without cause, you can say of him, Ejiiri m ya ọfọ, literally, I am holding ọfọ for him.

In its right context, ịgọ ọfọ can also mean to curse, e.g. Ha gọọrọ ya ọfọ ọnwụ, they wished him dead.

Ọmụ nkwụ (Palm tree shoot) - Igbo Customs

Ọmụ nkwụ (Palm tree shoot) is used as a receptacle for things offered as a sacrified.

It is surppose to be able to purify a town from any crime committed or any sacrilegious act.

It may be kept as an indication that a certain object must not be tampered with. It is used to show that which is sacred or very dangerous.

A victor in battle or any performer of an outstanding feat of strength has "Ọmụ nkwụ" tied round his neck during an important celebration to show his bravery.

If there are two rival tribes, or if the inhabitants of two towns are so opposed to one another that fighting must ensue when a group of one meets a group belonging to the other;

It becomes necessary that a representative of another Igbo community, passing through the rival towns, should hold the young "ọmụ" as a token of goodwill and innocence.

During funeral ceremonies, ọmụ is tied round the drums and musical instruments as well as on the corpse, as a token of sanctity.

It is also used in fastening mats to the roof of a house.

Nzu (Chalk) - Igbo Customs

Nzu (Chalk) Igbo Customs is generally used by women immdiately after child-birth and for some days after.

It is sometimes presented instead of kola-nut (ọjị) to a titled visitor as a mark of respect and social esteem.

The visitor rubs it on his eyelids and on his toes, and has to make certain orthodox marks on the floor according to his rank as a titled man, native doctor, or juju priest.

Markings - Igbo Customs

There are four popular Markings in Igbo Customs, namely:-

  • Igbu Ichi (Facial Marks)
  • Egbugbu (Markings)
  • Nki (Markings)
  • Uri (Indigo Markings)

Igbu Ichi (Facial Marks)

This is a custom by which a man may secure special recognition in the Igbo community to which he belongs.

The honour is given only to a free-born person. Before he undergoes it, he has to be well fed to give him strength for the ordeal.

For the performance of the ceremony, he lies on his back in a small pit dug for the purpose.

An artist, "Ogbu ichi", cuts a pattern on his face with a sharp knife, the victim being firmly held down while he does so.

The man must not show any sign of fear while the blood flows from his cuts, for to do so would be regarded as a dishonour to himself and to his family.

Charcoal is ground and then sprinkled over his face, which is tied up; the victim is taken into a room and given careful attention, being served with whatever food he fancies.

When the wounds heal, he goes to the market to be congratulated by the people. Henceforth, he is honoured in any social circle.

It is an emblem of high birth. Reasons for Igbu Ichi:

  • Iji gosi dimkpa na-edi ndidi - To show he is a brave man who can endure pain.

  • Iji gosi na mmadụ ga-echi ọzọ, ya na igosi na a mụrụ mmadụ na nnukwu obi - As a prelude to ọzọ initiation ceremony, and to show that he is born into a high-ranking family.

  • Iji chọọ mma - To become handsome.

Egbugbu (Markings) Igbo Customs

This shows a distinction between the free-born and the slave. Its designs are different kinds, each being special to a particular town.

Some townsmen have the designs on their faces, others have them on their bodies. The facial markings is more usual.

Nki (Markings) Igbo Customs

This is a design on the face or any other part of the body. The marking is made with needles, and stained green or some other colour.

It has nothing to do with social prestige; it is only a form of decoration or a means of showing one's ability to endure pain.

Uri (Indigo Markings) Igbo Customs

This is an ordinary design made on th ebody with indigo (uri). No cutting of flesh is untailed, a soft stick being used.

It is mostly done by women as a means of beautifying the skin, or for festive occasions. It is sometimes painted on the body as a sign of mourning.

Ọmụgwọ
The twenty-eight days after child-birth
Igbo Customs

A woman is said to be in Ọmụgwọ immediately after child-birth.

During this period, she does not work but keeps indoors and caring for her young child, she herself usually being taken care of by her mother or her sister.

Birth - Ọmụgwọ Igbo customs

On the day on which the child is born, the connection between the mother and the child (the umbilical cord) is cut, leaving a portion of the cord attached to the navel of the child.

This cord is carefully treated by the mother so that germs may not enter the child's body through it.

The mother warms her hand and stretches the cord between her fingers.

Child's Eight Day - Ọmụgwọ Igbo customs

On the eighth day after delivery, the cord falls away from the navel.

The parents of the child bury the fallen cord, and over the spot plant a fruit tree in honour of the baby.

The baby is the sole owner of the fruit tree, and when it grows has the greatest regard for it.

After the cord has fallen off, the navel opening is regularly treat with palm oil (Vaseline is also used today) until it heals.

Circumcision - Ọmụgwọ Igbo customs

This take place on the eighth day. It is performed by a specialist.

Palm oil is used for the treatment of the wound.

Ite Nzu - Ọmụgwọ Igbo customs

After being bathed, the child is painted with nzu (chalk).

Care of the Mother - Ọmụgwọ Igbo customs

This is also an important aspect of Ọmụgwọ. Immediately after child-birth, much blood is lost by the woman and she perspires very freely.

Nowadays she is given brandy to drink. Palm wine is a substitute in some places.

The woman is properly fed. She is given ofe nsara soup (mmiri ọgwụ), that is, soup full of pepper and containing no oil.

She eats plenty of fish and meat in order to derive nourishment and remake blood. She drinks lukewarm water or wine administered in a clean receptacle.

In due course, she begins to eat the normal type of soup. The immediate environment of the woman and child is kept clean.

Customary Observances

Coconut and nzu are kept in the room where the mother and child are living chiefly to attract small children who are supposed to be accompanied by the spirit of the new baby.

The children thus attracted will undertake little errands for the mother, and from among them, the woman will be able to choose a careful child to look after her baby when she is not on the spot.

After the umbilical cord of the baby has fallen off, as a custom in some parts, all the ashes in the room where the woman has been living, which all this time have removed, are collected and used in planting a fruit tree for the benefit of the child.

This is not as compulsory as in the case of planting with th efallen umbilical cord.

Ụrụ enyi

In some parts, a pot containing a solution called ụrụ enyi is placed beside the doorway where the woman and child are.

Any visitor going into the room must first plung his toes into the solution before he enters.

It is believed that the solution protects the woman and child from the attact of "Enyi" - a disease of the skin which is highly infectious even in its dormant stage.

Ceremonial Feasts

The eight day - this the circumcision day, the day of feasting and rejoicing.

The twenty-eight day - this is the day when the woman comes out of Ọmụgwọ. It is called "Izu Asaa".

On this day, the chief guests of the household into which the baby is born are Ndị ọzọ (titled people), ụmụ okorobia (young men), ụmụ agboọghọbịa (young women) and ụmụ nna (relations).

Eache of these groups of guests usually donates a sum of money for the occasion. The total amount collected belongs to the mother by right.

On the following big market day, she is gorgeously attired for the ceremonial parade in the market place. This is called "Ihe ahẙa nwa", or Ahẙ Ọmụgwọ.

After this, she is often visited by friends and well-wishers, and presents of money are given to her.

Ileje Ọmụgwọ

Some people may send her delicious dishes of food - this is called Ileje Ọmụgwọ.

Ịkpọ Ọkụ Nwa and Ịkpọ Ọkụ Mmiri

At times, some people send pots, or money to be used for the purchase of pots, which the woman may use in feeding the baby. This is called Ịkpọ Ọkụ nwa.

When the child is a female and a man offers money, saying that he intends it for Ịkpọ Ọkụ mmiri, this means that he intends to marry her when she grows up.

On the morning of the twenty-eight day, the woman who all the while has been caring for the babay's mother (probably her own mother or sister) goes back to her home, after the woman's husband has given her cloth, wine, yams and fish in appreciation of her services.

Ohu na Osu (Slavery) - Igbo Customs

See Palm Oil - Mmanu | Igbu Akwu to read all about palm oil and blood pressure.

Ohu na Osu (Slavery) - Igbo Customs

Ichi ọzọ (A society) - Igbo Customs

Ịlụ nwanyị (Marriage) - Igbo Customs

Igbo customs in things fall apart

History Of Oraifite

Oraifite History Modern History of Oraifite Map of Oraifite

Igbo Culture & Traditions
(Rules & Regulations)

Culture & Traditions Igbo Marriage Ceremony Igbo Funeral Ceremony Igbo Wedding Pictures Festivals Age Group - Grade System Igbu Ichi Illegal Courts Miscellaneous Matters Osu and Oru people Gift Items for Marriage Between Oraifite Indigenes Pictures of Igbo Food

IGBO CUSTOMS

Customs in Igbo Community Igbo Land Most Important Crop - Palm Oil products -Igbu Akwu - Mmanu Ofe akwu

Masks And Masquerades
(Mmanwu & Mmuo)

Masks and Masquerades
(Mmanwu & Mmuo)
Mmanwu & Mmuo 2 Mmanwu & Mmuo 3 Mmanwu & Mmuo 4

Announcements

African Ladies Photos Miss Africa USA Oraifite USA Atlanta Georgia Convention: 20th - 21st July 2007 Igbo Cultural Support Network 2nd Festival at Novotel Hammersmith London: 23rd October 2004 Oraifite USA Los Angeles Convention: 18-19th July 2003 Marriages Death Notice Obituary Birth Days Lost Contacts

Oraifite Markets

Orie Afor Nkwo Eke Markets Nkwo Ozulogu Online Market Eke Market Orie Market Afor Market Nkwo Edo Market Online Shopping Store

Owner & Site Administrator

Sam Odiaka

Success To You, Sam Odiaka
Oraifite.com

Product Review


Contactless smart payment card
Using contactless payment cards to pay for travel on buses, taxi etc... If you have a credit, debit or charge card.

Katie Blacksky's Even Gossip Girl Tweets Parenting Advice About Gossip Girls Subscription website
Teenagers and parents share gossips, gists, parent training and family relationship. a fun & laughter book.

Diaspora Bedtime Stories
Storytelling for adults women & kids children bed time!

Katie Blacksky's What's So Bad About Gossip Girl

Introducing Gossip Girl gossip for celebrity gossip or celeb gossip with the cw gossip girl.
Igbo Dictionary Online
Igbo Language Translation to English
Nigerian English Dictionary Online
Nigerian Language Translation to English
Copy This Idea Free Books Online
Andrew Reynolds copy this ide book

Teach Yourself Igbo

Learn how to speak Igbo Language
Digital Product Reviews

The Good Review, Who is she?